The uniqueness of the reserve is the location in the central part of the vast continent to the great distance from the ocean, defines drought and extreme continental climate which is manifested primarily in the form of significant unexpected and sudden daily weather changes. The meteorological elements vary widely from year to year. Distribution of rainfall throughout the year is uneven. On a cold period accounts for 64% of the annual precipitation. The almost complete lack of precipitation from May to September - a negative effect on the progress of natural regeneration and the formation and growth of representatives of the vegetable world.
A variety of landforms of mountain systems at Hissar ridge leads to the local winds characterized by the daily change in wind direction. At night wind blows from the mountains into the valley, and in day time on top in the direction of the valleys and mountain slopes.
Currently around the reserve are 13 villages with a population of about 30,000 residents. At the time of organization of the reserve as a result of human impact biodiversity of ecosystems was destroyed. As a result, collection of herbs and food plants, hunting and grazing cattle destroyed the existing ecosystem. However, after the organization of the reserve area natural ecosystem, where juniper forests, poplar and walnut aged 1000 years or more preserved.