Historical heritage

The reserve is rich with historical monuments such as Saint Hazrat Sultan Ota statue, located at the beginning of the river Oksuv basin, on a high ridge, 25 km. from the village of Kul in Gilan site. The holy place Khodjagul Ota is located in Tankhozdaryo site on the tract Chot. Sacred place “Khodja Pir-Pir” (Bovurchi ota) is located on Kyzylsuv site on the tract Kalai Sheron, at an altitude of 4150 meters above sea level.

These mountain ranges are named in honor of the saints and the people have still preserved a legend concerning that matter. Supposedly, these saints were highly educated theologians, who won a decent respect among the population settled around the Pamir-Alai mountain system. These places subsequently became a destination of pilgrimage for Muslims of Central Asia and the whole Islamic World.

One of the historical locations, located in Kyzylsuv site, on the left bank of tract of Kalai Sheron, bears the name of the great Amir Temur and is the longest cave in Central Asia. Its length is 870 meters, width is 7-10 meters. At the end of the cave there is a lake with a diameter of 50-60 meters. According to the experts, this cave lake is the largest one in the territory of Uzbekistan. The remains of animals and weapons of the Stone Age were found here. Cave walls are composed of granite and gypsum lime deposits. According to the popular tale, before the conquest of Kesh territory (the territory of present Shakhrisabz, Kitab and Yakkabag regions) great Amir Temur was gathering force with his riders, hiding in this cave from the enemies, and recruiting worthy, strong dzhigits (skillful horsemen) from the nearby villages. Since then this cave became known by the name of great Amir Temur. Inside the cave there are stalactites of the 1.5-2 meters length, hanging from the ceiling. If a torch or lantern is lit, stalactites reflect a myriad of colors representing a variety of rock minerals of the cave walls.

In the south of the Amir Temur cave, on the plateau of Kyzyl Shiver, there is Chilsim cave, which is situated on the rivulet Kalai Sheron, at an altitude of 2900 meters above sea level. The length of the cave is about 1000 meters, a width of 15-16 meters. Depending on the climatic conditions in spring and summer underground cave-river with water volume of 2-3 meter cube is appeared as a result of snowmelt, rain and spring, water from the plateau Kyzyl shivar. As a result, the observations revealed that the cave is about one hundred drainage wells, through which water from the plateau Kyzyl shivar enters the cave. An underground river is formed in this way. The length of the drain wells ranges from 30-40 meters and some 1 500 meters, but a thorough scientific investigation at the facility has not been done yet.

Besides the above-mentioned caves there are Gul, Mansur, Ugrini Zindoni caves and others which have not been studied yet by scientists.

Other noteworthy sites are the 31 traces of dinosaurs feet imprinted on blue stones in the top of the tract Kalai Sheron in Kizilsuv site. This unique facility was discovered in 1975 by the Moscow geographer-investigator V.I. Ratsek. By his definition, these traces on rocks belong to feet of dinosaurs that lived 190-195 million years ago in this area. These traces preserved very well.

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